# Technical Analysis - Stochastics Tutorial

##### New Member
Technical Analysis - Stochastics Tutorial​

George Lane found another way to track market momentum by following the relationship between a market's closing price and the extremes of its recent range. A bull market should consistently see closes near the high it's recent range. A bear market should see closes near the range's lows. A market's momentum wanes as the day's closing prices move towards the midpoint of its recent range. As such, traders assume that the stage is being set for a reversal as a market's momentum begins to wane. Stochastics provide us with a way to both quantify and chart these statistics.

As you can tell by the equation below, Stochastics describe the relationship between a market's recent extremes and its relative daily close as a percentage value. Mr. Lane labels his descriptive values as a %K and %D. The %K value is described as follows:

%K = 100 [(C L14) / (H14 L14)]

Thus, we calculate what percentage of the recent range the close for the day falls within. The result here is an extremely volatile value. Hence, it is termed a "Fast Stochastic". To generate a trade signal, traders plot a smoothing 3 period moving average of this %K value and trade it as one may trade a moving average crossover system. This smoothed value is called a %D. A more reliable trading methodology would be to further reduce this volatility by taking another 3 period moving average of %D. This calculation yields a "Slow Stochastic". Thus, we have the original 14 period calculation smoothed by 3 period moving average and then by an additional 3 period moving average. The resulting values can be graphed against daily prices. Also, as with most other technical studies, Stochastics exhibit self-similar characteristics across a wide range of time frames. Thus, they may be applied to monthly, weekly, daily, intraday and even tick charts.

A chart of Stochastic values reveals a considerable amount of information about a market when compared with overall price action. The end of a prolonged rally may be foretold as a Stochastic value fails to follow the price action to new highs, much like a bearish divergence with an RSI indicator. Look for the faster %K to cross over the slower %D as the indicator tops out and crosses below the overbought 80 level. A 20 level is considered to be oversold. This compares to the 70 and 30 levels used with an RSI indicator.

#### anilbalaji11

##### Member
now a days technical analysis do not work in day trading as they are manipulated by big operators and mutual funds and
fiis

#### avinash

##### Active Member
now a days technical analysis do not work in day trading as they are manipulated by big operators and mutual funds and
fiis
oh really..........didn't know that.Thx for the info and saving us all from the horrors of trading.

#### jchshee

##### New Member
hi anibalaji11,

TQ for your opinion regarding the manipulation... Could you enlightened us with your solution/techniques on overcoming this problem?? TQ for your reply!!

#### suba_stocks

##### Member
now a days technical analysis do not work in day trading as they are manipulated by big operators and mutual funds and
fiis
I believe it works,no matter what size of manupilation is done.its after all one has to find what really going on tick by tick and take necessary action in day trading.

if some one ramp up the stock price....you need to look at and take step what u need to do in those few seconds ....if u can not do then certainly day trading is not your game.

Suba

#### sudoku1

##### Well-Known Member
Technical Analysis - Stochastics Tutorial​

George Lane found another way to track market momentum by following the relationship between a market's closing price and the extremes of its recent range. A bull market should consistently see closes near the high it's recent range. A bear market should see closes near the range's lows. A market's momentum wanes as the day's closing prices move towards the midpoint of its recent range. As such, traders assume that the stage is being set for a reversal as a market's momentum begins to wane. Stochastics provide us with a way to both quantify and chart these statistics.

As you can tell by the equation below, Stochastics describe the relationship between a market's recent extremes and its relative daily close as a percentage value. Mr. Lane labels his descriptive values as a %K and %D. The %K value is described as follows:

%K = 100 [(C L14) / (H14 L14)]

Thus, we calculate what percentage of the recent range the close for the day falls within. The result here is an extremely volatile value. Hence, it is termed a "Fast Stochastic". To generate a trade signal, traders plot a smoothing 3 period moving average of this %K value and trade it as one may trade a moving average crossover system. This smoothed value is called a %D. A more reliable trading methodology would be to further reduce this volatility by taking another 3 period moving average of %D. This calculation yields a "Slow Stochastic". Thus, we have the original 14 period calculation smoothed by 3 period moving average and then by an additional 3 period moving average. The resulting values can be graphed against daily prices. Also, as with most other technical studies, Stochastics exhibit self-similar characteristics across a wide range of time frames. Thus, they may be applied to monthly, weekly, daily, intraday and even tick charts.

A chart of Stochastic values reveals a considerable amount of information about a market when compared with overall price action. The end of a prolonged rally may be foretold as a Stochastic value fails to follow the price action to new highs, much like a bearish divergence with an RSI indicator. Look for the faster %K to cross over the slower %D as the indicator tops out and crosses below the overbought 80 level. A 20 level is considered to be oversold. This compares to the 70 and 30 levels used with an RSI indicator.
:thumb:...........

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